Peer-reviewed publications (selected)
Donaghey, J. (2020), ‘Punk and Feminism in Indonesia’, Cultural Studies, 26 pp.
Feminist punk interventions are a key aspect of contemporary ‘global punk’. In Indonesia they include include feminist zines, women-centric bands, explicitly feminist gigs and festivals, communication and support networks of punk women, and anarcha-feminist ‘info-house’ initiatives. These interventions are necessary because, as elsewhere in the world, sexism is part of the lived experience for punk women in Indonesia. Patriarchal repression is acute in wider Indonesian society, and, despite the rhetoric of equality and opposition to oppression, these sexist norms are reproduced in the punk scene in the form of homosocial gender division, marginalization of women, derision of feminist initiatives, sexual objectification, and sexual assault. The influence of morally conservative fundamentalist Islam in Indonesia also shapes expressions of sexism in the punk scene.
Donaghey, J. (2020), ‘Punk in Belfast, Northern Ireland: Critical Perspectives on the Troubles and Post-conflict “Peace”’, in G. McKay and G. Arnold (eds) The Oxford Handbook of Punk Rock, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 27 pp.
Punk’s resonance has been felt strongly here. Against the backdrop of the Troubles and the ‘post-conflict’ situation in Northern Ireland, punk has provided an anti-sectarian alternative culture. The overarching conflict of the Troubles left gaps for punk to thrive in, as well as providing the impetus for visions of an ‘Alternative Ulster’, but the stuttering shift from conflict to post-conflict has changed what oppositional identities and cultures look like. With the advent of ‘peace’ (or a particular version of it at least) in the late 1990s, this space is being squeezed out by “development” agendas while counterculture is co-opted and neutered—and all the while sectarianism is further engrained and perpetuated. This chapter examines punk’s positioning within (and against) the conflict-warped terrain of Belfast, especially highlighting punk’s critical counter-narrative to the sectarian, neoliberal ‘peace’.
Donaghey, J. (2020), ‘The Punk Anarchisms of Class War and CrimethInc.’, Journal of Political Ideologies, 25:2, pp. 113-138.
Many of the connections between punk and anarchism are well recognised (albeit with some important contentions). This recognition is usually focussed on how punk bands and scenes express anarchist political philosophies or anarchistic praxes, while much less attention is paid to expressions of ‘punk’ by anarchist activist groups. This article addresses this apparent gap by exploring the ‘punk anarchisms’ of two of the most prominent and influential activist groups of recent decades (in English-speaking contexts at least), Class War and CrimethInc. Their distinct, yet overlapping, political approaches are compared and contrasted, and in doing so, pervasive assumptions about the relationship between punk and anarchism are challenged, refuting the supposed dichotomy between ‘lifestylist’ anarchism and ‘workerist’ anarchism.
Donaghey, J. (2019), ‘Dances with Agitators. What is “Anarchist Music”?’, in R. Kinna & U. Gordon (eds) The Routledge Handbook of Radical Politics, London: Routledge, pp. 433-452.
This chapter points to the core role of culture (and music) in social movements, and the recognition of this importance across a wide spectrum of anarchist perspectives. The chapter considers evaluations of ‘anarchist music’, identifying the aspects which are too easily recuperated by the State and capital (such as aesthetics and lyrics), and highlighting those aspects which contain radical transformative potential (such as Do-It-Yourself or DIY production processes – though this is necessarily marginal in character and scope). However, no form of music (in terms of its aesthetic or production process) is entirely immune to co-optation, and it is argued here that music’s radical transformative potential is most fully realised, and most resilient, when engaged within a culture of resistance.
Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Doing Research in “Punk Indonesia”: Notes towards a non-exploitative insider methodology’, Punk & Post-Punk, 6:2, pp. 291-314 (plus the editorial introduction pp. 181-187).
Researching punk from an insider perspective throws up important challenges,
and in the context of Indonesia these issues are further complicated and intensified. This article draws on the author’s experience of, and reflections on, the process of researching ‘punk Indonesia’, augmented with reflective contributions from nine other social theorists, ethnographers and anthropologists, to suggest a research methodology that is dialogical and non-exploitative while remaining rigorous, analytical and critical. Anarchist epistemological concerns are taken on board, along with engagements with Orientalism and Grounded Theory Method, to develop an approach that gives voice to the punks, involving them in a dialogical research process and creating research outputs that are useful to the scenes, cultures and movements that are being researched, while maintaining a high level of academic rigour, analysis and critique.
Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Punk and Anarchist Squats in Poland’, Trespass, 1, pp. 4-35.
Squats are a key aspect of the relationship between anarchism and punk. However, the overlap of squatting, punk, and anarchism is not without its tensions. This article, drawn from ethnographic research carried out between 2013 and 2014, explores the issues around punk and anarchist squats in Poland, looking at: criticisms levelled at punk squats by ‘non-punk’ squatting activists (e.g. Przychodnia in Warsaw); instances of squats as a hub for a wide spectrum of anarchist activity (e.g. the ‘anarchist Mecca’ of Rozbrat in Poznań); and the repression of squatting in Poland through eviction and legalisation (affecting all squats in some form). (Other squats and social centres mentioned here include Elba and ADA Puławska in Warsaw, Wagenburg and CRK in Wrocław, and Od:zysk in Poznań.) Among the various squats, there were tensions around approaches and tactics identified as ‘more anarchist’ or ‘less anarchist’ – this speaks to the supposed ‘workerist’/‘lifestylist’ dichotomy within anarchism more widely, but the lived experience of the squatters is shown here to be far too complex to be encompassed in any false binary.
Donaghey, J. (2016), Punk and Anarchism: UK, Poland, Indonesia, PhD thesis, Loughborough: Loughborough University.
This thesis explores the relationships between punk and anarchism in the contemporary contexts of the UK, Poland, and Indonesia from an insider punk and anarchist perspective. A key tension that runs throughout the PhD is the dismissal of punk by some anarchists. This is often couched in terms of lifestylist versus workerist anarchism, with punk being denigrated in association with the former. The case studies focus on themes such as anti-fascism, food sovereignty/animal rights activism, politicisation, feminism, squatting, religion, and repression.
Donaghey, J. (2015), ‘“Shariah Don’t Like It …?” Religion and Punk in Indonesia’, Punk & Post-Punk, 4:1, pp. 29-52 (plus the editorial introduction with F. Stewart, pp. 3-7).
Indonesia boasts one of the largest and most vibrant punk scenes on the planet today. It is also home to world’s largest Muslim population. Punk and religion are usually found in antagonism with one another, but the situation is far more complicated in Indonesia. Using interview and participant-observation material gathered in September/October 2012 and January 2015, this article examines the relationships between punk and religion in Indonesia, finding it markedly different to the oppositional relationship expected elsewhere in the world. Despite the fact that repression of punk in Indonesia is often religiously motivated, most of the interviewees still maintained a Muslim religious (or at least cultural-religious) identity. Those punks who did profess atheism were doing so against a very different social backdrop to their comrades in more secular parts of the world, and were making a much more significant stand in doing so.
Boisseau, W. & J. Donaghey (2015), ‘“Nailing Descartes to the Wall”, Animal Rights, Veganism and Punk Culture’, in A. Nocella II, R. White, & E. Cudworth (eds) Anarchism and Animal Liberation: Essays on Complementary Elements of Total Liberation, (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland), pp. 71-90.
This essay examines the relationships between punk culture and animal rights/vegan consumption habits. It is argued that this relationship is most strongly and consistently expressed, and most sensibly understood, in connection with anarchism.
Donaghey, J. (2013), ‘Bakunin Brand Vodka: An exploration into anarchist-punk and punk-anarchism’, Anarchist Developments in Cultural Studies, 1, pp. 138-170.
Punk and anarchism are inextricably linked. The connection between them is expressed in the anarchistic rhetoric, ethics, and practices of punk, and in the huge numbers of activist anarchists who were first politicised by punk. To be sure, this relationship is not straightforward, riven as it is with tensions and antagonisms – but its existence is irrefutable. This article looks back to ‘early punk’ (arbitrarily taken as 1976-1980), to identify the emergence of the anarchistic threads that run right through punk’s (ever advancing) history. However, it must be stressed that any claim to being ‘definitive’ or ‘complete’ is rejected here.
Punk, like anarchism, is a hugely diverse and multifarious entity. Too often, authors leaning on the crutch of determinism reduce punk to a simple linear narrative, to be weaved through some fanciful dialectic. In opposition to this, Proudhon’s concept of antinomy is employed to help contextualise punk’s beguiling amorphousness.
Donaghey, J. & M. Jauhola (2017), ‘Researching “Punk Indonesia” – interviewiew with Marjaana Jauhola by Jim Donaghey for Scraps of Hope special “Researching Punk Indonesia”’.
Donaghey, J. & E. Silver (2015), ‘Evelyn Silver: Loughborough’s link to Greenham Common’ (interview), Loughborough History and Heritage Network, 18th March.
Zine and magazine publications
Donaghey, J. (2020), It’s Going to be Anarchy: Anarchist Analyses of the Coronavirus Pandemic, Portland, OR: Microcosm.
An overview of anarchist responses to the coronavirus / COVID-19 pandemic, written between late March and early April, 2020. “Anarchy” is a word often used to express a state of panic and social disarray, but anarchists themselves are responding by organizing mutual aid for their communities, preaching social solidarity, and standing up to governments’ and corporations’ authoritarian power grabs under cover of quarantine. And because they’re anarchists, they’re arguing a lot, passionately, about topics like freedom in the face of state-mandated lockdowns, the right to work vs the right to strike, and to what extent to seize this opportunity to push for revolution. Jim Donaghey has compiled all the arguments he could find, fairly and compellingly, a slice of life in a movement at a pivotal moment. Like any good anarchist zine, this one is packed with sources and interesting footnotes.
Donaghey, J. and The Warzone Collective (2020), The Warzone Dialectogram, Ballygomorrah: Black Fox Boox.
The Warzone Collective is an anti-sectarian punk anarchist organisation active in Belfast since the 1980s. Their most recent social centre was evicted and demolished in 2018 in order to make way for student flats, leaving a hole in the fabric of Belfast’s anti-sectarian alternative culture.
Before it closed, Jim Donaghey engaged in a process of creative ethnography with the Warzone Collective to produce a dialectogram of the ‘The Centre’ – this is an A0 floor-plan diagram of the space, inscribed with graphic representations of the life and activism of the Warzone Collective. See a digital version online here:
The dialectogram has been published as an A2-size fold-out zine, accompanied with an essay on punk in Belfast and its relationship to nostalgia, sectarianism, the legacy of the Troubles conflict, and gentrification.
As ‘Dickhead Bidge’ (2019), Bakunin Brand Vodka: anarchism in early punk 1976-1980, Zagreb: Active Distribution.
Even the self-declared anarchists of early punk didn’t know their Bakunin from their Smirnoff. But even prior to the emergence of anarcho-punk and similar scenes, anarchist currents are apparent in early punk, and remains the core principle of punk organisation, networking and production
As ‘Sheena P. Rocker and Rudolf Ramón’ (2018), The Punk Anarchisms of Class War & CrimethInc., Bristol: Active Distribution.
Many of the connections between punk and anarchism are well recognised (albeit with some important contentions). This recognition is usually focused on how punk bands and scenes express anarchist political philosophies or praxes, while much less attention is paid to expressions of punk by anarchist activist groups.
This zine addresses this apparent gap by exploring the ‘punk anarchisms’ of two of the most prominent and influential activist groups of recent decades (in English-speaking contexts at least), Class War and CrimethInc. Their distinct, yet overlapping political approaches are compared, and in doing so pervasive assumptions about the relationship between punk and anarchism are challenged, refuting the supposed dichotomy between ‘lifestylist’ anarchism and ‘workerist’ anarchism.
As ‘Jim Donesia’ (2018), ‘Punk en Indonésie’ [French language], Punkulture, 5, Rennes: Mass Prod, pp. 60-62.
As ‘Juanita Morsque-Watts’ (2016), Punk and Anarchist Squats in Poland, London: Active Distribution.
Anarchism is a multifarious set of ideas which encompasses a myriad of approaches and strategies – including strands which are (at least in theory) mutually antagonistic. One such perceived antagonism is between ‘workerism’ and ‘lifestylism’ with their caricatured exclusive emphases on workplace struggles and consumption practices, respectively. Squatting is very often lumped-in with the ‘lifestylist’ pole of this supposed dichotomy, and usually in a derogatory manner.
The zine begins by laying out the connections between anarchism and squatting (and also legally rented ‘social centres’), before moving on to look at how these relationships play out in the context of Poland. Tensions around diverging tactics and approaches between squats are examined, as well as issues around repression of squats through eviction and legalisation. The key argument here is that anarchist and punk squats are a bricks-and-mortar example of anarchism in action, and that while they do perform a cultural and ‘lifestyle’ function, their impact is felt in a wide range of anarchist activisms, including typically ‘workerist’ forms, which complicates the ‘workerist’/‘lifestylist’ dichotomy to the point of redundancy.
As ‘Howard Zindiq’ (2015), Shariah Don’t Like It…? Punk and Religion in Indonesia, London: Active Distribution.
It is certainly the case that Indonesian punk is recognisably a constituent part of the ‘global punk scene’ – both aesthetically, and in terms of international connections. Punk culture is an international entity, with significant commonalities traversing scenes across the globe, but these scenes are also heavily localised and develop in tension with co- existing local cultures. As such, Indonesian punk has a very distinct character – interviewees repeatedly expressed the idea of a ‘punk Indonesia.’ As described, the relationship with religion here is one of Indonesian punk’s most distinctive characteristics. The impact of an aggressively enforced religious culture results in a locally distinct relationship between punk and Islam which does not map onto Western punk contexts. Of course,it is naïve to expect such a mapping, but this also speaks to any investigation into ‘exotic’ or ‘other’ punk scenes, and serves as poignant warning to maintain vigilance against the re-expression of neo-colonial attitudes from the privileged ‘Western’ punk perspective.
As ‘Len Tilbürger and Chris P. Kale’ (2014), ‘Nailing Descartes to the Wall’: animal rights, veganism and punk culture, London: Active Distribution.
This zine examines the frequent overlap between punk culture and animal rights activism/vegan consumption habits. It is argued that this relationship is most strongly and consistently expressed, and most sensibly understood, in connection with anarchism. Examining this relationship is important in several ways. Firstly, it is under-researched and overlooked – as environmental journalist Will Potter argues, given the importance that punk plays in the political development of individual activists, it is surprising that ‘there is a shortage of research into punk’s impact on animal rights and environmental activism’. This zine, which brings together material from numerous bands, zines, patches, leaflets, and newly researched interview material, addresses this absence by considering the relationship between animal rights/veganism and punk. Secondly, the themes raised in this zine resonate far beyond the punk scenes from which material is collected: diversity and difference within activist communities, how these differences are managed (even ‘policed’), the prioritisation of certain forms of activism over others, and the role of culture are all issues which cut right to the heart of contemporary activist and community organising. Thirdly, the topic is of personal importance to the authors, both of whom are writing the zine from the impetus of their own life experiences.
Donaghey, J. (2013), Goreng Crazy: a travel zine from punk Indonesia, DIY.
[Out of print]
- Donaghey, J. (2020), ‘No Future: punk, politics and British youth Culture 1976-1984, by Matthew Worley’, Anarchist Studies, 28:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Punk and Revolution: 7 More Interpretations of Peruvian Reality, by Shane Greene’, Anthropological Forum, 27:3.
- Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘The Method of Freedom: An Errico Malatesta Reader, by Davide Turcato (ed.)’, Anarchist Studies, 25:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Europe In Revolt, by Catarina Príncipe and Bhaskar Sunkara (eds)’, The Just Books Review, 4.
- Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Turkey: The Insane and the Melancholy, by Ece Temelkuran’, The Just Books Review, 4.
- Donaghey, J. (2017), ‘Punk Rock Entrepreneur: Running A Business Without Losing Your Values, by Caroline Moore’, The Just Books Review, 4.
- Donaghey, J. (2016/2017), ‘The Autonomous Life? Paradoxes of hierarchy and authority in the squatters movement in Amsterdam, by Nazima Kadir’, The Just Books Review, 3.
- Donaghey, J. (2016/2017), ‘Gramsci’s Political Thought: an introduction (third edition), by Roger Simon’, The Just Books Review, 3.
- Donaghey, J. (2016/2017), ‘Colin Ward: life, times and thought, by Carl Levy (ed.)’, The Just Books Review, 3.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Militant Anti-Fascism. A Hundred Years of Resistance, by M. Testa’, Anarchist Studies, 24:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Dead Kennedys: Fresh Fruit for Rotting Vegetables, The Early Years, by Alex Ogg’, Anarchist Studies, 24:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Talking Anarchy, by Colin Ward and David Goodway’, Anarchist Studies, 24:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Brazil’s Dance with the Devil: The World Cup, The Olympics, and the Struggle for Democracy (updated Olympics edition), by Dave Zirin’, The Just Books Review, 2.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘The Last of the Hippies. An hysterical romance, by Penny Rimbaud’, The Just Books Review, 2.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Fascism: Theory and Practice, by Dave Renton’, The Just Books Review, 2.
- Donaghey, J. (2016), ‘Squatting in Europe. Radical Spaces, Urban Struggles, by Squatting Europe Kollective (eds), and The City Is Ours. Squatting and autonomous movements in Europe from the 1970s to the present, by Bart van der Steen, Ask Katzeff and Leendert van Hoogenhuijze (eds)’, The Just Books Review, 1.
- Donaghey, J. (2015), ‘New Forms of Worker Organization: The Syndicalist and Autonomist Restoration of Class-Struggle Unionism, by Immanuel Ness (ed.)’, Anarchist Studies, 23:2.
- Donaghey, J. (2014), ‘The Day the Country Died: A History of Anarcho-Punk 1980-1984, by Ian Glasper’, Anarchist Studies, 22:2.
- Donaghey, J. (2014), ‘Indonesia: Archipelago of Fear, by Andre Vltchek’, Political Studies Review, 12:3.
- Donaghey, J. (2014), ‘Lifestyle Politics and Radical Activism, by Laura Portwood-Stacer’, Anarchist Studies, 22:1.
- Donaghey, J. (2013), ‘The Moneyless Manifesto, by Mark Boyle’, Anarchist Studies, 21:2.,
- Donaghey, J. (2012), ‘Agit Disco, by Stefan Szczelkun and Anthony Iles (eds)’, Anarchist Studies, 20:2.